Every minute the world loses the equivalent of 10 soccer fields of rainforest

Deforestation in the tropics causes more than 7% of global carbon emissions, which is equivalent to the entire population of India.

Last year, the global rainforest area lost was 3.8 million hectares (14,286 square miles), according to University of Maryland 2021 tree loss data compiled by the Global Forest Service. Published by the World Resources Institute. That’s an 11% decrease from 2020, after a 12% increase in 2019. Fire is the leading cause of this dangerous change every year.

Agriculture-related deforestation continues to increase. Brazil, which has more rainforests than any other country, has lost 1.5 million hectares. This equates to 40% of the total global area and is three times the size of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In addition to fire-related forest loss, the rate of non-fire forest loss in Brazil rose 9% last year to the highest level in the Amazon since 2006.

Scientists have raised concerns that the Amazon is nearing a tipping point when climate change will shift the region to savannah-like ecosystems. More than 140 countries agreed to end deforestation by 2030 at the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow last year.

Indonesia, the country with the third largest number of tropical forests, has extended its chain of deforestation reductions to the fifth year, with the deforestation rate falling by 25% over the past year, lower than in 2020. This trend is alarming. This bodes well for the country’s climate commitments, which will be updated in 2021. Indonesia says emissions from forestry will decrease by 2030.

Bolivia had the third-highest rate of deforestation last year, with about a third of its 291,000 hectares burned. This is a phenomenon made worse by hot, dry weather caused by climate change.

In the forests of the north, too, there are massive tree losses every year due to forestry and forest fires. Unlike tropical forests, northern forests tend to regrow. chn

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