Lima is the capital of the Republic of Peru in western South America. This city is as ordinary as many other places in the world, except for one extremely odd feature of the weather. Of all the countries in the world, Lima has the least rain each year, which is why it is also known as “the city without rain”.
There is also no lightning, no ice, no snow or strong winds. What an amazing thing, never seen before!
Since it doesn’t rain all year round, people in Lima don’t need to buy raincoats or umbrellas. Another special feature is that no storm drains need to be built in this city because it rains where there is no risk of flooding.
Most residential buildings in the city are referred to as “Adobe houses”. Some houses are just cardboard, some don’t even have a roof.
What defines the “city without rain”?
With around 8 million inhabitants, Lima is the second largest city in South America. Considered the cultural, industrial, financial and transport center of Peru, it is located in the valley surrounding the mouths of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers. Notable Catholic structures include the 16th-century cathedral.
The city of Lima is steeped in Spanish culture, with many famous Catholic architectures, including a large 16th-century church or the National University of Saint Marcos.
In the last 600 years, Lima has had almost no rain, so much that many residents have never seen it in their lives. So where does this phenomenon come from?
As explained by hydrometeorological experts, the main reason lies in Lima’s geographical location. The city lies on the eastern slopes of the Andes, the highest mountain in South America. The air flow decreases, the wind direction generally blows parallel to sea level. Coastal air in contact with cold water is blocked by cold air currents, preventing it from condensing into cumulus clouds.
So can’t cause rain. Water vapor can only form fog. For this reason, the city of Lima is not dry, but very wet due to a lot of water vapor. It doesn’t rain, but the weather here is cool and pleasant. The coldest temperature is only about 16 degrees Celsius, the hottest does not exceed 23 degrees Celsius, 4 seasons are like spring. Therefore, the vegetation here is still lush and green.
When it rains, the rain scene in Lima City is also impressive. The rain did not fall in drops, in torrents, but only a large amount of fog that covered the city and settled on the damp ground.
If it doesn’t rain, where do you get water to live from?
Lima’s rainfall is even lower than the average rainfall in the Sahara – one of the driest regions in the world. It’s not raining, but people in Lima are still living normally thanks to the water source from the Aprikh River, created by the melting of snow and ice in the Andes.
Since the city is close to the sea and has the Remark River, the city has a rich underground water source, there is no shortage of water or drought. Not only enough water for domestic use, the water source also ensures lush vegetation.
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